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Table 1 Characteristics of the sample of adolescents in the study

From: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and its associations among adolescents in an urban, Sri Lankan community

Variable Girls (257)
Mean (SD)
Boys (242)
Mean (SD)
p valuea
Mean height (cm) 154.4 (5.8) 159.5 (7.5) <0.001
Mean weight (kg) 45.5 (8.5) 46.4 (11.2) 0.032
Mean systolic pressure (mmHG) 102.8 (11.5) 104.3 (12.9) 0.214
Mean diastolic pressure (mmHg) 66.1 (7.5) 63.2 (8.5) <0.001
Mean BMI (kg/m2) 19.0 (3.2) 18.1 (3.8) 0.003
BMI z score for age −0.5 (1.2) −0.9 (1.5) 0.001
ALT (IU/L) 12.6 (5.4) 15.1(7.6) <0.001
Fasting blood glucose (mg/dL) 78.4 (13.5) 80.0 (7.7) 0.10
Serum insulin levels (μU/mL) 11.3 (7.2) 9.9 (6.4) 0.02
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 169.6 (29.7) 155.0 (24.8) <0.001
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 48.0 (1.4) 47.5 (1.5) <0.001
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 103.5 (27.1) 89.4 (24.2) <0.001
VLDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 18.1 (6.7) 17.8 (8.3) 0.66
Total cholesterol/HDL ratio 3.5 (0.5) 3.3 (0.5) <0.001
Triglycerides 90.7 (33.4) 89.2 (41.3) 0.66
  1. a t test