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Table 5 The difference of constipation symptoms between subjects with FC and IBS-C

From: Frequency patterns of core constipation symptoms among the Asian adults: a systematic review

Symptoms Percentage (%) p-value Authors
FC IBS-C
Straining 75 65 0.005 Zhao et al. (2011)
70.3 70.4 N.S. Lu et al. (2006)
49 77.1 <0.001 Ford et al. (2014)
Sensation incomplete evacuation 31 38 0.045 Zhao et al. (2011)
72.1 64.8 N.S. Lu et al. (2006)
44.3 70.9 <0.001 Ford et al. (2014)
Lumpy/hard stool 70 65 N.S. Zhao et al. (2011)
38.4 63 <0.001 Lu et al. (2006)
45.5 81.7 <0.001 Ford et al. (2014)
Sensation of anorectal blockage 46 43 N.S. Zhao et al. (2011)
53.5 46.3 N.S. Lu et al. (2006)
31.2 56 <0.001 Ford et al. (2014)
Infrequent defecations 56 57 N.S. Zhao et al. (2011)
26.2 42.6 0.03 Lu et al. (2006)
25.7 53.1 <0.001 Ford et al. (2014)
Manual maneuver 10 10 N.S. Zhao et al. (2011)
16.3 11.1 N.S. Lu et al. (2006)
14.3 32.6 <0.001 Ford et al. (2014)
  1. N.S. not significant; a p-value < 0.05 is statistically significant