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Table 1 Characteristics of included studies

From: Systematic review with network meta-analysis: dual therapy for high-risk bleeding peptic ulcers

Author (Year) Country Comparison No. of Patients Rebleeding (%) Surgery (%) Mortality (%) Complication (%)
Treatment/Control Treatment/Control Treatment/Control Treatment/Control Treatment/Control
Balanzo (1990) [21] Spain Epi + Thromb vs Epi 32/32 6/13 16/13 0/0 NR/NR
Pescatore (2002) [20] Switzerland Epi + Thromb vs Epi 65/70 22/24 6/10 3/3 2/1
Lin (1999) [33] Taiwan, China Epi + Therm vs Epi 32/32 6/34 3/16 3/9 0/0
Park (2004) [9] Korea Epi + Mech vs Epi 45/45 4/20 2/4 0/2 NR/NR
Kubba (1996) [19] Scotland Epi + Thromb vs Epi 70/70 4/20 4/7 0/10 0/0
Chung (1996) [26] HongKong, China Epi + Scler vs Epi 79/81 8/11 11/15 9/5 NR/NR
Lin (1993) [24] Taiwan, China Epi + Scler vs Epi 32/32 16/34 6/3 6/0 0/0
Chung (1993) [25] HongKong, China Epi + Scler vs Epi 98/98 11/9 14/16 4/9 1/0
Lo (2006) [13] Taiwan, China Epi + Mech vs Epi 52/53 4/21 0/9 2/0 0/0
Chung (1999) [22] Korea Epi + Mech vs Epi 42/41 10/15 2/15 2/2 0/7
Rutgeerts (1989) [30] Belgium Epi + Scler vs Epi 40/40 18/40 8/15 5/10 4/0
Villanueva (1993) [27] Spain Epi + Scler vs Epi 33/30 21/10 15/13 3/6 3/0
Sollano (1991) [28] Philippines Epi + Scler vs Epi 29/32 7/6 0/3 0/3 3/0
Garrido (2002) [31] Spain Epi + Scler vs Epi 40/45 8/27 NR/NR NR/NR NR/NR
Choudari (1994) [29] England Epi + Scler vs Epi 52/55 13/15 8/7 0/2 NR/NR
Taghavi (2009) [23] Iran Epi + Therm vs Epi + Mech 89/83 11/5 2/0 2/1 0/0
Chung (1997) [32] HongKong, China Epi + Therm vs Epi 136/134 4/9 6/10 6/5 1/0
  1. NR not reported; Epi epinephrine injection, Mech mechanical hemostasis, Therm thermal coagulation, Thromb thrombin injection, Scler sclerosant injection