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Table 4 Correlations between irritable bowel syndrome-like symptoms and symptoms of anxiety/depression in patients with ulcerative colitis in remission and in control subjects

From: Patients with longstanding ulcerative colitis in remission do not have more irritable bowel syndrome-like symptoms than controls

  HADS-Anxiety HADS-Depression
  Ulcerative colitis in remission (n = 55) rs (p-value) Controls (n = 33) rs (p-value) Ulcerative colitis in remission (n = 55) rs (p-value) Controls (n = 33) rs (p-value)
Total GSRS-IBS score 0.327 (0.019)* 0.244 (0.194) 0.294 (0.036)* 0.263 (0.160)
Abdominal pain 0.121 (0.394) 0.306 (0.094) 0.148 (0.294) 0.294 (0.109)
Bloating 0.403 (0.003)* 0.347 (0.060) 0.243 (0.079) 0.287 (0.125)
Diarrhoea 0.299 (0.029)* 0.135 (0.470) 0.267 (0.054) 0.207 (0.263)
Constipation 0.380 (0.005)* -.072 (0.699) 0.258 (0.062) −0.059 (0.753)
Satiety 0.225 (0.109) 0.333 (0.067) 0.354 (0.010)* 0.182 (0.327)
  1. *Statistically significant
  2. Ulcerative colitis in remission was defined by steroid-free clinical remission, a Mayo Score ≤ 1 on endoscopy, a fecal calprotectin ≤ 200 μg/g and no significant active inflammation on colon biopsies. GSRS-IBS = Gastrointestinal symptom rating scale for irritable bowel syndrome.
  3. HADS Hospital anxiety and depression scale