Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics according to spontaneous bacterial peritonitis

From: Usefulness of ascitic fluid lactoferrin levels in patients with liver cirrhosis

  Total (n = 102) No SBP (n = 78) SBP (n = 24) p-value
Age, years 54.5 (45.8–62.8) 53.0 (45.8–62.0) 55.5 (45.8–68.5) 0.376
Gender, male 73 (71.6 %) 59 (75.6 %) 14 (58.3 %) 0.123
Etiology 0.983
 Alcohol 66 (64.7 %) 50 (64.1 %) 16 (66.7 %)
 HBV 18 (17.6 %) 14 (17.9 %) 4 (16.7 %)
 HCV 12 (11.8 %) 9 (11.5 %) 3 (12.5 %)
 HBV + HCV 1 (1.0 %) 1 (1.3 %) 0 (0 %)
 Others 5 (4.9 %) 4 (5.1 %) 1 (4.2 %)
Child-Pugh score 11 (9–12) 11 (9–12) 11 (10–12) 0.089
Prior SBP 19 (18.6 %) 12 (15.4 %) 7 (29.2 %) 0.143
Ascitic fluid level
 Lactoferrin (ng/ml) 21.7 (0–100.1) 0.6 (0–54.5) 112.7 (91.5–139.8) <0.001
 WBC (cells/ml) 151 (60–416) 100.5 (48.8–181.3) 1158 (538–5651) <0.001
 PMN (cells/ml) 11.5 (4.0–98.0) 6.5 (3.0–16.3) 5695 (3660–9668) <0.001
Serum level
 WBC (×1000/μl) 6.2 (4.7–9.8) 5.9 (5.0–8.9) 7.6 (5.5–11.8) 0.037
 PMN (×1000/μl) 3.9 (2.4–6.6) 3.7 (2.3–5.6) 5.7 (3.7–9.7) 0.006
 Hemoglobin (g/dL) 9.3 (8.5–10.8) 9.3 (8.4–10.7) 9.2 (8.6–10.9) 0.862
 Platelet (×1000/μl) 82.0 (50.0–127.8) 90.5 (53.0–135.3) 60.0 (47.3–105.5) 0.053
 Albumin (g/dL) 2.5 (2.3–2.8) 2.6 (2.3–2.8) 2.5 (2.3–2.6) 0.190
 Bilirubin (g/dL) 3.8 (2.0–7.8) 3.6 (1.9–7.7) 4.4 (2.3–12.7) 0.289
 PT-INR 1.61 (1.35–2.23) 1.58 (1.33–2.07) 1.97 (1.49–2.39) 0.069
 CRP (mg/L) 13.9 (6.7–21.9) 11.0 (5.2–16.4) 30.7 (18.7–68.1) <0.001
  1. Data are presented as the median (interquartile range) for continuous data and percentages for categorical data
  2. SBP spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, HBV hepatitis B virus, HCV hepatitis C virus, WBC White blood cells, PMN Polymorphonuclear cell, PT-INR prothrombin time-international normalized ratio, CRP C-reactive protein