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Table 2 Healthcare utilization and mortality outcomes by race/ethnicitya,b

From: The impact of race and ethnicity on mortality and healthcare utilization in alcoholic hepatitis: a cross-sectional study

  White Black Hispanic Other Total P value
W v B
P value
W v H
P value
B v H
THC, $
 Mean 38,965.68 33,358.73 42,386.95 42,032.85 37,978.69 <0.01 0.09 <0.01
 Median 23,399.00 20,585.54 25,530.00 24,094.00 23,020.00
 (IQR) (41,903–13,915) (37,782–11,944) (43,287–15,110) (44,952–13,444) (40,607–13,501)
LOS, d
 Mean 6.5 5.4 5.9 6.9 6.3 <0.01 0.01 0.04
 Median 4 4 4 4 4
 (IQR) (8–3) (7–2) (7–2) (8–3) (8–3)
NPR
 Mean 1.3 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.3 <0.01 0.21 0.16
 Median 1 0 1 1 1
 (IQR) (2–0) (1–0) (2–0) (2–0) (2–0)
 Nasogastric tube (%) 26 (0.3) 3 (0.3) 5 (0.5) 2 (0.4) 43 (0.4) 0.67 0.60 0.48
 Mechanical Ventilation (%) 241 (3.4) 34 (3.1) 34 (3.1) 24 (4.5) 385 (3.4) 0.54 0.62 0.93
 Hemodialysis (%) 3 (<0.1) 0 (0) 1 (<0.1) 1 (0.2) 8 (<0.1) -- 0.53 --
 Liver biopsy (%) 241 (3.4) 34 (3.2) 27 (2.5) 14 (3.1) 355 (3.2) 0.68 0.10 0.32
 Paracentesis (%) 1259 (17.8) 103 (9.2) 154 (14.2) 94 (17.2) 1887 (16.6) <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
 EGD (%) 1111 (15.9) 153 (13.7) 161 (14.8) 86 (15.7) 1784 (15.8) 0.06 0.40 0.43
 Deaths (%) 315 (4.5) 25 (2.3) 43 (3.9) 29 (5.3) 489 (4.3) <0.001 0.38 0.03
  1. Other race refers to subjects with Asian, Pacific islander, Native American, or another race
  2. W white, B black, H hispanic, THC total hospital costs, LOS length of stay, NPR number of procedures, IQR interquartile range, EGD esophagogastroduodenoscopy
  3. aTotal hospital costs for 2008, 2009, and 2010 are inflated to 2011 values
  4. b% values are weighted to national population estimates
  5. -- there were no black subjects with hemodialysis