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Table 2 Demographic and clinical characteristics for patients with and without medication discrepancies between the patient and their medical record

From: Prevalence of medication discrepancies in patients with cirrhosis: a pilot study

  ≥1 Medication Discrepancy
n = 27
Medication Discrepancy Absent
n = 23
P
Age, mean (±SD) 61 ± 8 55 ± 11 0.04
Male, no (%) 20 (74.1 %) 19 (82.6 %) 0.52
Years attending clinic, median (range) 2.6 (0.0 – 19.4) 2.9 (0.1 - 13.4) 0.86
Liver disease severity Compensated
Decompensated
55.6 %
44.4 %
65.2 %
34.8 %
0.49
Patient has a regular GP 96.3 % 73.9 % 0.04
Comorbidities presenta 85.2 % 52.2 % 0.02
Level of Education Primary/High School 66.7 % 73.9 % 0.58
Higher Educationb 33.3 % 26.1 %
Currently employed 25.9 % 43.5 % 0.19
Patient reported being ‘told how to take your medications’c 59.3 % 50.0 % 0.56
Patient reported being able to afford medicationsc 59.3 % 81.2 % 0.19
No. of conventional medicinesc 1-4
≥5
22.2 %
77.8 %
62.5 %
37.5 %
<0.01
Adherence ranking (MMAS-8)d High
Medium
Low
4.2 %
70.8 %
25.0 %
37.5 %
31.2 %
31.2 %
<0.01
  1. aComorbidities included cardiovascular disease, hypertension, diabetes, gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, hypothyroidism, benign prostatic hyperplasia, osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and neuropathic pain
  2. bTrade, technical certificate, diploma
  3. cExcluding 4 patients who took no medications, 2 patients who only took CAMs and 1 patient who did not answer the question (total n = 43 patients; ≥1 significant discrepancy n = 27; no significant discrepancy n = 16). Conventional medicines included vitamins and protein supplements prescribed for the management of cirrhosis or other medical conditions (including: vitamin B1, vitamin D, vitamin A, ferrous sulphate in 1 patient with chronic anaemia, magnesium for 2 patients with symptomatic hypomagnesemia due to diuretic use, and calcium in 1 patient with osteoporosis)
  4. dExcluding 10 patients who did not complete this section of the questionnaire (total n = 40; ≥1 medication discrepancy n = 24; No medication discrepancy n = 16)