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Table 1 The characteristics of 58 patients underwent limited PS combined with EPBD

From: Limited precut sphincterotomy combined with endoscopic papillary balloon dilation for common bile duct stone removal in patients with difficult biliary cannulation

Characteristics Patient number
Gender (M:F) 28:30
Mean age (range) yr 64.02 ± 16.37 (26–96)
Age (<60 : ≥60 : ≥70) yr 18:40:23
Gallstone 31
Prior cholecystectomy 14
Acute pancreatitis 8
Jaundice 41
Biliary tract infection 28
Liver cirrhosis 7
Hypertension 22
Diabetes mellitus 11
ESRD 4
CAD and heart disease 8
Hyperlipidemia 15
Malignancy 6
Stroke 3
COPD and asthma 4
  1. PS precut sphincterotomy, EPBD endoscopic papillary balloon dilation, CAD coronary artery disease, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, ESRD end-stage renal disease