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Table 3 Postoperative complications stratified for the presence of biliary stent (Univariate analysis)

From: Role of preoperative biliary stents, bile contamination and antibiotic prophylaxis in surgical site infections after pancreaticoduodenectomy

Complications All (N = 178) Non-stented (N = 90) Stented (N = 88) P value
N (% col) N (% col) N (% col)
Pancreatic fistula: No/Yes 127 (71.3)/51 (28.7) 64 (71.1)/26 (28.9) 63 (71.6)/25 (28.4) 1.000
A 19 (10.7) 10 (11.1) 9 (10.2) 0.995a
B + C 32 (18.0) 16 (17.8) 16 (18.2)
Biliary fistula: No/Yes 167 (93.8)/11 (6.2) 82 (91.1)/8 (8.9) 85 (96.6)/3 (3.4) 0.212b
Abdominal abscess: No/Yes 170 (95.5)/8 (4.5) 85 (94.4)/5 (5.6) 85 (96.6)/3 (3.4) 0.720b
Pneumonia: No/Yes 170 (95.5)/8 (4.5) 85 (94.4)/5 (5.6) 85 (96.6)/3 (3.4) 0.720b
Urinary tract infection: No/Yes 175 (98.3)/3 (1.7) 88 (97.8)/2 (2.2) 87 (98.9)/1 (1.1) 1.000b
Wound infection: No/Yes 141 (79.2)/37 (20.8) 78 (86.7)/12 (13.3) 63 (71.6)/25 (28.4) 0.022
Pancreatitis: No/Yes 175 (98.3)/3 (1.7) 87 (96.7)/3 (3.3) 88 (100)/0 (0.0) 0.246b
Sepsis: No/Yes 172 (96.1)/7 (3.9) 87 (96.7)/3 (3.3) 85 (95.5)/4 (4.5) 0.720b
Lymphatic fistula: No/Yes 168 (94.4)/10 (5.6) 87 (96.7)/3 (3.3) 81 (92.0)/7 (8.0) 0.209b
Post-pancreatectomy hemorrhage: No/Yes 153 (86.0)/25 (14.0) 76 (84.4)/14 (15.6) 77 (87.5)/11 (12.5) 0.711
A 14 (7.9) 9 (10.0) 5 (5.7) 0.958a
B 1 (0.5) 1 (1.1) 0 (0.0)
C 10 (5.6) 4 (4.4) 6 (6.8)
Duodenal/gastric fistula: No/Yes 175 (98.3)/3 (1.7) 89 (98.9)/1 (1.1) 86 (97.7)/2 (2.3) 0.619b
Delayed gastric emptying: No/Yes 173 (97.2)/5 (2.8) 88(97.8)/2 (2.2) 85 (96.6)/3 (3.4) 0.680b
  1. aConsidering the subgroups
  2. bFisher exact test
  3. Two patients were excluded from analysis of post-operative complications because of early death (respectively 3rd and 5th post-operative day)