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Table 1 Socio-demographic and clinical criteria of the patients and controls

From: The prevalence of functional dyspepsia using Rome III questionnaire among chronic hepatitis C patients

Parameter HCV patients Normal control P-value
252 150  
Age (mean ± SD) 45.5 ± 8.08 33.6 ± 12.09 <0.001*
Sex    <0.0001*
 Male 161 (63.9 %) 53 (35.3 %)
 Female 91 (36.1 %) 97 (64.7 %)
Residence    <0.9
 Urban 156 (61.9 %) 93 (62 %)
 Rural 96 (38.1 %) 57 (38 %)
Years of education (Mean ± SD) 9.70 ± 2.9 10.4 ± 1.8 <0.13
Smoking    <0.0001*
 Yes 138 (54.8 %) 13 (8.7 %)
 No 114 (45.2 %) 137 (91.3 %)
BMI (kg/m2) 29.4 ± 3.9 23.9 ± 3.5 <0.003*
Red flag symptoms    <0.09
 Yes 10 (4 %) 2 (1.3 %)
 No 242 (96 %) 148 (98.7 %)
Psycho-social symptoms    <0.2
 Yes 9 (3.6 %) 12 (8 %)
 No 243 (96.4 %) 138 (92 %)
  1. HCV hepatitis C virus, BMI body mass index, FD functional dyspepsia
  2. *Statistically significant