Skip to main content

Table 1 Selected characteristics of the study population by fibrosis stage

From: Retinoid and carotenoid status in serum and liver among patients at high-risk for liver cancer

Characteristics Control No fibrosis Mild/Moderate fibrosis Severe fibrosis Total P-value* P-value**
  n = 22 n = 18 n = 34 n = 17 n = 91   
Age - Median (IQR) 45 (42–54) 55 (51–62) 53 (48–58) 56 (53–57) 53 (46–58) 0.17 0.17
Gender        
 Male 12 6 18 10 46 0.42 0.27
 Female 10 12 16 7 45   
Ethnicity        
 Asian 0 0 1 0 1 <0.01 0.68
 Black 2 12 17 7 38   
 White 18 6 15 9 48   
 Unknown 2 0 1 1 4   
BMI        
  < 25 0 1 13 4 18 0.02 0.11
 25–30 5 9 12 7 33   
  > 30 9 8 8 6 31   
 Unknown 8 0 1 1 10   
Smoking Status        
 Never 17 7 10 7 41 0.02 0.60
 Former 2 7 11 7 27   
 Current 3 4 13 3 23   
Diabetes        
 Yes 3 2 3 4 12 0.56 0.33
 No 19 16 31 13 79   
HCV Genotype        
 1 11 29 13 53 0.15 0.15
 2 1 0 0 1   
 3 0 0 1 1   
 Unknown 6 5 3 14   
  1. *P-values are Fisher exact (2-tailed) for comparison of proportions and Kruskal-Wallis test for comparison of medians amongst all groups
  2. **P-values are Fisher exact (2-tailed) for comparison of proportions and Kruskal-Wallis test for comparison of medians amongst diseased groups
  3. Bold face represents statistically significant values