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Table 4 Comparison of those receiving treatment for lifestyle-related diseases between light drinkers and non-drinkers in females with MS

From: Influence of light alcohol consumption on lifestyle-related diseases: a predictor of fatty liver with liver enzyme elevation in Japanese females with metabolic syndrome

Lifestyle-related disease Presence of treatment Light drinkers (n = 344) Non-drinkers (n = 797) P-value (P a-value)
Hypertension Treatment (+), n (%) 128 (37.2 %) 330 (41.4 %) NS
  SBP (mmHg) 130.5 ± 13.7 133.2 ± 15.7 (NS)
  DBP (mmHg) 77.3 ± 8.6 78.6 ± 9.2 (NS)
  Treatment (−), n (%) 216 (62.8 %) 467 (58.6 %)  
  SBP (mmHg) 129.2 ± 13.0 130.6 ± 13.4 (NS)
  DBP (mmHg) 78.3 ± 9.7 77.6 ± 9.6 (NS)
Dyslipidemia Treatment (+), n (%) 85 (24.7 %) 320 (40.2 %) <0.01
  T-CHO (mg/dl) 197.8 ± 32.4 201.0 ± 26.5 (NS)
  TG (mg/dl) 116.3 ± 49.4 113.4 ± 52.6 (NS)
  HDL (mg/dl) 63.8 ± 13.8 63.0 ± 14.0 (NS)
  LDL (mg/dl) 119.2 ± 26.3 122.7 ± 23.4 (NS)
  Treatment (−), n (%) 259 (75.3 %) 477 (59.8 %)  
  T-CHO (mg/dl) 220.2 ± 33.8 218.0 ± 34.5 (NS)
  TG (mg/dl) 123.2 ± 69.1 129.3 ± 66.9 (NS)
  HDL (mg/dl) 59.1 ± 13.6 57.4 ± 13.1 (NS)
  LDL (mg/dl) 144.2 ± 30.1 143.3 ± 30.5 (NS)
IGT Treatment (+), n (%) 17 (4.9 %) 72 (9.0 %) <0.05
  FBS (mg/dl) 124.1 ± 25.4 138.1 ± 33.4 (<0.05)
  HbA1c (NGSP) (%) 6.9 ± 0.9 7.2 ± 1.1 (NS)
  Treatment (−), n (%) 327 (95.1 %) 725 (91.0 %)  
  FBS (mg/dl) 105.6 ± 13.0 105.5 ± 16.2 (NS)
  HbA1c (NGSP) (%) 5.9 ± 0.5 6.0 ± 0.7 (NS)
  1. Data are given as means ± standard deviation (SD), and as number (%) for categorical variables. P-value is based on the x2 test or Student’s t-test. Significant is at the 5 % level
  2. DBP diastolic blood pressure, FPG fasting plasma glucose, HbA1c hemoglobin A1c, HDL high density lipoprotein, IGT impaired glucose tolerance, LDL low density lipoprotein, NGSP National Glycohemoglobin Standardization Program, NS not significant, SBP systolic blood pressure, T-CHO total cholesterol, TG triglyceride, Light drinkers were subjects who drank from more than zero to less than 20 g/day of alcohol. Non-drinkers were subjects who drank 12 drinks (one drink means less 10 g) or less per year ofless than 10 g/drinking day
  3. aAdjusted for age, BMI, WC, smoking history, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and IGT