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Table 3 Anthropometric evaluation of active and inactive Crohn’s disease patients and controls

From: A snapshot of the nutritional status of Crohn’s disease among adolescents in Brazil: a prospective cross-sectional study

Variable Active CD Inactive CD Control G1 G2 G3
(Group I) (Group II) (Group III)
(n = 22) (n = 29) (n = 35)
Z score       
 Ha, mean ± SD −0.41 ± 0.90 −0.15 ± 0.92 0.24 ± 0.99 * * *
 BMIa, mean ± SD −1.29 ± 1.64 0.01 ± 1.18 0.37 ± 1.18 * * *
Bioimpedance analysis       
 BF (%), mean ± SD 23 ± 0.08 21 ± 0.05 24 ± 0.04 NS NS NS
 LBM (%), mean ± SD 74 ± 0.08 79 ± 0.05 76 ± 0.04 * * NS
Tanner staging       
 Delayed puberty, n (%) 5 (22.7) 2 (6.9) - * * NS
  1. CD Crohn’s disease, G1 group I vs. group II, G2 group I vs. group III, G3 group II vs. group III, Ha height-for-age, BMIa body mass index-for-age, BF body fat, LBM lean body mass, NS not significant; *p < 0.05