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Table 1 Patient characteristics at baseline categorized by the presence or absence of AKI

From: Urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin: a diagnostic and prognostic marker for acute kidney injury (AKI) in hospitalized cirrhotic patients with AKI-prone conditions

Variables Total No AKI AKI P
Mean ± SD (n = 121) (n = 86) (n = 35)
Age (years) 57.3 ± 14.7 56.4 ± 14.7 59.6 ± 14.8 0.27
% Male 75 (62 %) 52 (60.5 %) 23 (65.7 %) 0.59
Cause of cirrhosis     0.74
 -Chronic hepatitis B/C 63 (52.1 %) 44 (51.2 %) 19 (54.3 %)  
 -Alcohol 32 (26.4 %) 25 (29.1 %) 7 (20.0 %)  
 -NASH 7 (5.8 %) 4 (4.7 %) 3 (8.6 %)  
 -Cryptogenic 14 (11.6 %) 9 (10.5 %) 5 (14.3 %)  
 -Autoimmune 5 (4.1 %) 4 (4.7 %) 1 (2.9 %)  
Child-Pugh     0.20
 A 25 (20.7 %) 21 (24.4 %) 4 (11.4 %)  
 B 55 (45.5 %) 39 (45.3 %) 16 (45.7 %)  
 C 41 (33.9 %) 26 (30.2 %) 15 (42.9 %)  
Ascites 68 (56.2 %) 43 (50.0 %) 25 (71.4 %) 0.03
MELD score 14.9 ± 5.7 14.3 ± 5.9 16.4 ± 5.1 0.08
Serum creatinine 0.88 ± 0.29 0.83 ± 0.29 0.96 ± 0.28 0.05
TB (mg/dl) 4.7 ± 5.1 4.5 ± 4.4 5.2 ± 6.6 0.49
DB (mg/dl) 3.4 ± 4.3 3.2 ± 3.5 4.1 ± 5.8 0.28
AST (U/L) 139.7 ± 250.3 129.9 ± 259.8 163.7 ± 22 0.50
 - Median (IQR) 73 (43.5–127) 69.5 (44–119) 82 (35–185)
ALT (U/L) 78.4 ± 174.5 72.6 ± 168.2 92.9 ± 190.38 0.56
 - Median (IQR) 34 (24–53) 33.5 (24–52) (25–59)
ALP (U/L) 163 ± 108 143 ± 89 213 ± 134 0.001
INR 1.51 ± 0.77 1.51 ± 0.87 1.53 ± 0.45 0.93
Albumin (g/dl) 2.85 ± 0.86 2.9 ± 0.9 2.7 ± 0.6 0.23
Hemoglobin (g/dl) 10.7 ± 2.4 10.7 ± 2.2 10.6 ± 2.9 0.87
WBC count (103/uL) 9.86 ± 6.2 9.6 ± 6.1 10.4 ± 6.6 0.53
Platelet (/103uL) 128 ± 121 111 ± 64 170 ± 197 0.014