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Table 2 Clinicopathological characteristics according to IBL

From: Excessive intraoperative blood loss independently predicts recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma after liver transplantation

Variable IBL ≤ 4 L IBL > 4 L P value
  (n = 410) (n = 69)  
Mean age (years) 55.8 ± 9.1 56.5 ± 8.1 0.545
Male sex 372 (90.7) 63 (91.3) 0.879
Hepatitis B virus infection 383 (93.4) 63 (91.3) 0.522
Piggyback LT 12(2.9) 2(2.9) 0.990
Child-Pugh score 7.36 ± 2.13 9.21 ± 2.38 0.245
MELD score 12.3 ± 5.6 17.8 ± 8.8 <0.001
Ascites 205 (50.0) 55 (79.7) <0.001
Variceal bleeding 49 (12.0) 15 (21.7) 0.027
Preoperative tumor therapy 146 (35.6) 29 (42.0) 0.498
History of abdominal surgery 85 (20.7) 20 (29.0) 0.125
AFP levels > 400 ng/mL 151 (36.8) 25 (36.2) 0.924
Size of largest tumor > 5 cm 122 (29.8) 17 (24.6) 0.386
Number of tumors > 3 117 (28.5) 18 (26.1) 0.676
Macrovascular invasion 55 (13.4) 14 (20.3) 0.103
Microvascular invasion 113 (27.6) 21 (30.4) 0.623
Poor differentiation 50 (12.2) 10 (14.5) 0.594
Beyond Milan criteria 248 (60.4) 44 (63.7) 0.567
Blood transfusion (mL) 1043.6 ± 1467.9 3892.2 ± 1880.8 <0.001
Operation time (h) 7.8 ± 1.5 8.9 ± 1.9 0.029
  1. Values are mean ± SD or n (%)