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Table 4 Comparison of baseline data between celiac children with poor growth as sole clinical presentation and those with other concomitant symptoms

From: Factors associated with growth disturbance at celiac disease diagnosis in children: A retrospective cohort study

  n a Poor growth as only symptom n = 46 n a Poor growth with other symptoms n = 136 P value
Age at dg, median, yr 46 11.5 (7.4, 13.1) 136 5.0 (2.0, 10.0) <0.001
Girls, % 46 54 136 67 0.104
Anemia, % 40 15 130 22 0.085
Degree of villous atrophy, % 0.449
 Partial 10 23 26 21  
 Subtotal 14 32 53 42  
 Total 20 45 46 37  
Body mass index, kg/m2 24 15.5 (14.3, 17.0) 44 15.8 (14.3, 16.5) 0.847
Hemoglobin, g/l 28 128 (123, 135) 101 120 (110, 127) <0.001
MCV, fl 23 82 (78, 85) 73 79 (74, 83) 0.039
Alkaline phosphatase 10 284 (119, 640) 32 320 (148, 511) 0.859
Total iron, μmol/l 8 19.5 (9.9, 34.2) 25 7.5 (5.6, 14.2) 0.010
TSH, mU/l 12 3.1 (1.8, 3.8) 31 2.7 (2.0, 3.6) 0.684
Thyroxin, pmol/l 8 15.9 (14.3, 18.1) 23 14.2 (12.5, 16.4) 0.298
EmA, titer 26 500 (200, 1250) 81 1000 (200, 4000) 0.516
TG2ab, U/l 31 120 (30, 120) 67 120 (95, 120) 0.009
  1. aData available
  2. SD, standard deviation; MCV, mean corpuscular volume; TSH, thyroid stimulating hormone; EmA, endomysial antibodies; TG2ab, transglutaminase 2 antibodies