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Table 5 Univariate analysis of treatment failure with two or more biliary plastic stents (MPSs) used as a rescue endotherapy after failure of the initial endoscopic treatment

From: Outcomes of endoscopic management of primary and refractory postcholecystectomy biliary leaks in a multicentre review of 178 patients

  Closure of No - n (%) The leak Yes - n (%) P
Sex Female 2 (33,3) 4 (66,7) 0,790
Male 4 (40) 6 (60)  
Age Mean ± SD 58,2 + 14,2 63,5 + 16,7 0,480
Leak site Cystic duct stump 2 (22,2) 7 (77,8) 0,118
CBD/CHD 4 (66,7) 2 (33,3)  
Luschka 0 (0) 1 (100)  
Leak type High-grade 6 (60,0) 4 (40) 0,034*
Low-grade 0 (0) 6 (100)  
Maximum number of plastic stents inserted Mean ± SD 2,0 ± 0,0 2,8 ± 0,8 0,023*
Maximum plastic stents diameter reached, French Mean ± SD 19,5 ± 0,8 24,0 ± 5,7 0,063
  1. CBD/CHD common bile duct/common hepatic duct; SD standard deviation
  2. * P < 0.05