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Table 3 Univariate analysis of treatment failure in 178 patients with a combination of biliary sphincterotomy and the placement of a 10-French biliary stent

From: Outcomes of endoscopic management of primary and refractory postcholecystectomy biliary leaks in a multicentre review of 178 patients

Factor Closure of No - n (%) The leak Yes - n (%) P
Sex Female 6 (6,5) 87 (93,5) 0,216
Male 10 (11,8) 75 (88,2)  
Age Mean ± SD 61,5 ± 15,6 64,0 ± 15,4 0,542
Site Cystic duct stump 9 (8,3) 100 (91,7) 0,017*
CBD/CHD 6 (22,2) 21 (77,8)  
Luschka 1 (2,4) 41 (97,6)  
Type of leak High-grade 10 (52,6) 9 (47,4) 0,000**
Low-grade 6 (3,8) 153 (96,2)  
Interval between surgery and first ERCP Mean ± SD 6,6 + 3,2 7,6 + 3,8 0,314
  1. CBD/CHD Common bile duct/common hepatic duct; SD Standard deviation; ERCP Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
  2. * P <0.05; ** P < 0.01