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Table 1 Baseline patient data

From: Outcomes of endoscopic management of primary and refractory postcholecystectomy biliary leaks in a multicentre review of 178 patients

Characteristic  
Gender  
 Male, n (%) 85 (47.8)
 Female, n (%) 93 (52.2)
Age (years), median (range; mean) 67 (23–92; 63.8)
Indications for cholecystectomy  
 Acute cholecystitis, n (%) 50 (28.1)
 Chronic cholecystitis, n (%) 28 (15.7)
 Symptomatic cholelithiasis, n (%) 100 (56.2)
Type of surgery  
 Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, n (%) 171 (96.1)
 Laparoscopic cholecystectomy with conversion, n (%) 7 (3.9)
Site of bile leak, n (%)  
 Cystic duct stump 109 (61.2)
 CBD/CHD 27 (15.2)
 Luschka 42 (23.6)
Type of leak, n (%)  
 High-grade leak 19 (10.7)
 Low-grade leak 159 (89.3)
Associated biliary stricture, n (%)  
 Yes 27 (15.2)
 No 151 (84.8)
Time to first ERCP (first biliary stenting) after cholecystectomy (days), median (range; mean) 7 (1–28; 7.5)
  1. CBD/CHD common bile duct/common hepatic duct