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Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: Access to primary care is associated with better autoimmune hepatitis outcomes in an urban county hospital

  Full cohort Without PCP With PCP p
n 83 57 26  
Female (%) 70 (84) 47 23 0.746
Ethnicity (Hispanic:Asian:White) (%) 70:8:5 (84:10:6) 46:7:1 24:1:1  
Median age at presentation (yr) (IQR) 48 (41–57) 48 (40–59) 46 (41–55) 0.776
Fundinga (%) 48 (58) 29 (51) 19 (73) 0.057
Medicare 4 3 1  
Medicaid 22 15 7  
County Funding 22 9 13  
MUA/HPSAb (%) 42 (51) 31 11 0.307
Poverty Rate of Zip Code (IQR) 22.1 (15.6-26.2) 24.5 (15.6-29) 19.4 (12.9- 23.8) 0.267
Median Income of Zip Code (IQR) 43364 (38903–55784) 43364 (35836–53738) 45556 (42712–57586) 0.160
Median follow-up (mo) (IQR) 21 (7.5-65.7) 15 (6.5-61) 44 (11–89) 0.209
Lost to follow-up (%) 26 (31) 23 (40) 3 (12) 0.010
Presented with Decompensation (%) 6 (7) 6 (11) 0 (0) 0.170
Acute Disease (Symptoms < 2 week) (%) 37 (45) 26 (46) 11 (42) 0.779
Cirrhosis at presentation (%) 32 (39) 26 (46) 6 (23) 0.05
Any decompensation (%) 26 (31) 21 (37) 5 (19) 0.109
ANA >1:40 (%) 59 (71) 37 (65) 22 (85) 0.075
SMA (%) 58 (70) 38 (67) 20 (77) 0.557
LKM (60 checked) (%) 4 (5) 3 (5) 1 (4) 0.762
ANA or SMA (%) 75 (90) 50 (88) 25 (96) 0.425
Other autoimmune disease (e.g. lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, etc.) (%) 23 (28) 12 (21) 11 (42) 0.048
AST (IQR) 429 (157–1248) 487 (136–1329) 418 (168–1074) 0.871
ALT (IQR) 657 (152–1450) 700 (179–1564) 427 (143–942) 0.525
Bilirubin (IQR) 5.2 (1.5-21.2) 11.9 (2.1-22.9) 2.1 (0.7-10.3) 0.040
Albumin (IQR) 2.5 (1.8-3.2) 2.4 (1.8-2.8) 3.1 (2.1-3.5) 0.019
INR (IQR) 1.3 (1.1-1.8) 1.4 (1.1-2.0) 1.1 (1.0-1.3) 0.007
Platelets (IQR) 160 (90–120) 146 (84–202) 174 (114–219) 0.009
IgG (IQR) 1830 (1500–2350) 1820 (1475–2530) 1850 (1500–2170) 0.871
MELD Score (in patients with cirrhosis) (IQR) 17.1 (11.5-24.0) 17.9 (13.0-24.5) 13.9 (9.2-19.4) 0.244
Flu-like symptoms (%) 22 (27) 15 (26) 7 (27) 0.954
Abdominal pain (%) 36 (43) 24 (42) 12 (46) 0.730
Jaundice (%) 54 (65) 41 (72) 13 (50) 0.052
Pruritis (%) 6 (7) 4 (7) 1 (4) 0.660
GI bleed (%) 6 (7) 6 (11) 0 (0) 0.170
Ascites (%) 23 (28) 20 (35) 3 (11) 0.034
Encephalopathy (%) 10 (12) 8 (14) 2 (8) 0.494
  1. aFunding was defined as patient having Medicaid, Medicare, Private Insurance, or a County form of insurance
  2. bMUA = Medically Underserved Area, HPSA = Health Professional Shortage Area