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Table 4 Comparison of serum cholesterol, squalene and non-cholesterol sterols in patients with gallstones and controls

From: Relation of cholesterol metabolism to pediatric gallstone disease: a retrospective controlled study

  BPS CS Controls P
  (n = 17) (n = 11) (n = 82)  
Cholesterol 129 ± 9a 158 ± 9 145 ± 3 0.042
Squalene1 23 ± 2b 28 ± 3c 17 ± 1 0.003
Lanosterol1 8 ± 2 11 ± 1 2 0.167
Cholestenol1 31 ± 4d 24 ± 5e 15 ± 2 0.010
Lathosterol1 137 ± 17f 168 ± 21g 87 ± 8 0.007
Desmosterol1 107 ± 7h 104 ± 8 86 ± 3 0.035
Cholestanol1 186 ± 9i 126 ± 11j 168 ± 4 <0.001
Campesterol1 312 ± 34k 207 ± 41l 310 ± 15 <0.001
Sitosterol1 170 ± 18m 117 ± 22n 176 ± 8 0.001
Avenasterol1 45 ± 4 40 ± 5o 48 ± 2 0.037
Stigmasterol1 17 ± 3p 17 ± 3q 29 ± 1 <0.001
Lathosterol/Campesterol 0.58 ± 0.19r 1.87 ± 0.68s 0.34 ± 0.02 <0.001
  1. Values are mean ± SEM
  2. BPS black pigment stones, CS cholesterol stones
  3. 1100× mmol/mol of cholesterol
  4. 2Not determined
  5. aP = 0.045 compared to CS. bP = 0.015 and cP < 0.001 compared to controls. dP =0.002 and eP = 0.009 compared to controls. fP = 0.006 and gP = 0.029 compared to controls. hP = 0.003 compared to controls. iP < 0.001 compared to CS and P = 0.007 compared to controls. jP < 0.001 compared to controls. kP = 0.002 compared to CS and lP < 0.001 compared to controls. mP = 0.006 compared to CS and nP < 0.001 compared to controls. oP = 0.014 compared to controls. pP < 0.001 and qP = 0.001 compared to controls. rP = 0.010 compared to CS and sP < 0.001 compared to controls