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Table 7 Outcome variables by mode of CBT delivery

From: Cognitive-behavioural therapy has no effect on disease activity but improves quality of life in subgroups of patients with inflammatory bowel disease: a pilot randomised controlled trial

  F2F cCBT
  Baseline 6 months 12 months Baseline 6 months 12 months
n = 22 n = 16 n = 15 n = 68 n = 35 n = 27
  Mean (SD)
Physical QoL   43.2 (11.1) 41.1 (13.4) 43.5 (12.1) 47.7 (8.4) 49.2 (7.7) 50.9 (8.4)
Mental QoL   42.3 (10.8) 48.1 (7.7) 43.8 (10.7) 45.5 (11.5) 48.4 (9.9) 46.4 (11.4)
HADS Anxiety   7.8 (3.1) 6.2 (2.0) 6.7 (2.7) 6.7 (4.2) 5.8 (3.8) 6.4 (4.8)
HADS Depression   5.1 (2.7) 4 (2.5) 4.7 (2.9) 4.1 (3.6) 3.3. (3.1) 3.7 (3.5)
State Anxiety   41.1 (12.9) 36.1 (10.8) 38.3 (10.1) 36.4 (13.1) 33.8 (11.1) 34.6 (14.5)
Trait Anxiety   43.3 (11.2) 36.3 (13.7) 42.2 (10.2) 38.1 (11.9) 36 (9.7) 37.9 (13.5)
Adaptive coping Range: 20–80 (higher is better) 44.1 (10.3) 45 (13.6) 46.1 (12.5) 42.2 (13.5) 40.6 (13.6) 37.6 (12.4)
Maladaptive coping Range: 8–32 (lower is better) 11.8 (2.7) 10.3 (1.9) 11.4 (3.4)1 10.6 (3.8) 9.5 (2.9) 10.2 (3.8)
Stress >300 high stress 150–299 moderate stress <150 low stress 660.4 (606.1) 755.8 (934.2) 406.1 (471.6) 630.7 (689.6) 345.5 (434.7) 240.9 (241.5)2
TTM Stage Pre-contemplation 4.6 (1.3) 3.5 (1.4) 3.3 (1.9)3 4.5 (1.7) 4.6 (2.1) 4.7 (1.8)
Range:2–10 (higher scores mean greater agreement)
  Contemplation 7.1 (1.9) 7 (1.7) 6.8 (1.9) 6.5 (2.1) 6.5 (1.9) 6.5 (1.4)
  Preparation 7.2 (1.9) 7.4 (2.1) 7.3 (2.1) 6 (2.3) 6.2 (2.5) 5.9 (2.4)
  Action 6.8 (2.1) 7.3 (2.1) 7.1 (2.1) 5.4 (2.1) 5.8 (2.3) 5.5 (2.3)
  Maintenance 7.6 (1.6) 8 (1.2) 7.5 (1.7) 6.9 (2.1) 7.6 (1.8) 7.2 (1.9)
CDAI   140.3 (87.1) 75.3 (83.3) 79.5 (111.6) 101.2 (65.5) 97.3 (93.7) 86.9 (88.2)
SCCAI   3.7 (1.1) 4.3 (1.4) 4.0 (1.1) 3.2 (1.5) 3 (1.9) 2.3 (1.5)
  1. 1A significant improvement in maladaptive coping between baseline and 12 months in the F2F group (chi2 (2) = 7.20, p = .027).
  2. 2A significant improvement in stress between baseline and 12 months in the cCBT group (chi2 (2) = 8.79, p = .012).
  3. 3A significant drop (improvement) in Precontemplation between baseline and 12 months in the F2F group (chi2 (2) = 12.3, p = .002).