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Table 6 Group differences on mental health variables

From: Cognitive-behavioural therapy has no effect on disease activity but improves quality of life in subgroups of patients with inflammatory bowel disease: a pilot randomised controlled trial

  +CBT SC
  Baseline 6 months 12 months Baseline 6 months 12 months
n = 90 n = 51 n = 42 n = 84 n = 65 n = 64
  Mean (SD)  
Physical QoL   46.7 (9.3) 46.7 (10.3) 48.3 (10.3) 47 (10.3) 47.2 (9.8) 48.3 (10.1)
Mental QoL   44.8 (11.4) 48.3 (9.2) 45.5 (11.1)1 48.1 (11.5) 48.1 (11.9) 48.3 (11.5)
HADS Anxiety   7.1 (3.9) 5.9 (3.4) 6.5 (4.2) 6.2 (4.3) 5.9 (4.6) 6.1 (4.6)
HADS Depression   4.3 (3.4) 3.5 (2.9) 4.1 (3.3)2 4.4 (4.1) 4.4 (4.1) 4.5 (4.8)
State Anxiety   37.5 (13.1) 34.5 (10.9) 35.9 (13.1) 35.9 (13.7) 35.9 (12.8) 35.3 (13.4)
Trait Anxiety   39.3 (11.9) 36.1 (11.1) 39.5 (12.5)3 37.4 (11.7) 37.5 (11.8) 36.9 (13.1)
Adaptive coping Range: 20–80 (higher is better) 42.7 (12.8) 42.1 (13.6) 40.5 (12.9) 39.5 (11.3) 37.1 (11.2) 37.5 (11.7)
Maladaptive coping Range: 8–32 (lower is better) 10.9 (3.6) 9.8 (2.6) 10.6 (3.7)4 10.7 (3.7) 10.5 (3.3) 10.5 (3.6)
Stress >300 high stress 150–299 moderate stress <150 low stress 638.3 (665.9) 474.2 (653.7) 301.3 (347.5)5 453.6 (490.5) 350.7 (403.4) 338.5 (364.2)6
TTM Stage Pre-contemplation 4.5 (1.6) 4.3 (1.9) 4.2 (1.9)7 4.4 (1.6) 4.2 (1.9) 4.7 (1.9)
Range:2–10 (higher scores mean greater agreement)
Contemplation 6.7 (2.1) 6.6 (1.9) 6.6 (1.6) 6.3 (2.1) 6.2 (2.1) 6.4 (1.9)
Preparation 6.3 (2.3) 6.5 (2.4) 6.4 (2.3) 5.7 (2.3) 6.1 (2.2) 6.1 (2.1)
Action 5.8 (2.2) 6.3 (2.3) 6.1 (2.3) 5.5 (2.1) 5.8 (2.3) 5.9 (2.3)
Maintenance 7.1 (1.9) 7.7 (1.7) 7.3 (1.8) 7.2 (1.3) 7.1 (1.9) 7.3 (1.9)
  1. 1A significant improvement in mental QoL over 12 months in the +CBT group (chi2 (2) = 8.63, p = .013).
  2. 2A significant improvement in HADS Depression over 12 months in the +CBT group (chi2 (2) = 8.02, p = .018).
  3. 3A significant improvement in Trait Anxiety over 12 months in the +CBT group (chi2 (2) = 6.32, p = .042).
  4. 4A significant improvement in maladaptive coping over 12 months in the +CBT group (chi2 (2) = 12.12, p = .002).
  5. 5A significant drop (improvement) in Precontemplation over 12 months in the +CBT group (chi2 (2) = 6.29, p = .043).
  6. 6A significant improvement in stress over 12 months in the +CBT group (chi2 (2) = 11.04, p = .004).
  7. 7A significant improvement in stress over 12 months in the SC group (chi2 (2) = 8.71, p = .013).