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Table 1 Anthropometric and metabolic data of 55 obese individuals at RYGB surgery

From: Liver ENPP1 protein increases with remission of type 2 diabetes after gastric bypass surgery

Variables NGT (n = 19) IGT (n = 9) T2DM (n = 27) rsNGT (n = 8) rsT2DM (n = 8)
Age 44 ± 8 47 ± 10 54 ± 7* 43 ± 9 50 ± 7
BMI (kg/m2) 46 ± 6 49 ± 4 49 ± 10 44 ± 5 49 ± 10
HbA1c (%) 5.5 ± 0.4 5.6 ± 0.5 7.6 ± 1.1* 5.4 ± 0.2 7.1 ± 1
HOMA-IR 3.7 ± 3.6 6.1 ± 3.1 10.8 ± 8.6* 2.5 ± 0.5 10.3 ± 6.2
Fasting insulin (pmol/L) 109 ± 96 164 ± 80 196 ± 115† 80 ± 16 219 ± 127
Fasting glucose (mmol/L) 5.1 ± 0.6 5.7 ± 0.57 8.1 ± 2.3* 4.9 ± 0.4 7.4 ± 1.9
Gender
 Female (%) 16 (84) 6 (66) 15 (55) 6 (75) 5 (63)
 Male 3 3 12 2 3
Diabetes
 Previously unrecognized (%) - - 7 (27) - 3 (37.5)
 Diet Controlled (%) - - 2 (8) - 1 (12.5)
 Oral hypoglycaemics (%) - - 14 (50) - 4 (50)
 Insulin taking (%) - - 4 (15) - 0
  1. rsNGT and rsT2DM groups represent the 16 individuals from the NGT and T2DM group respectively who had repeat liver biopsy. NGT vs T2DM data are significantly different; *p < 0.001, †p < 0.05 (ANOVA). Values are presented as mean ± SD.