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Table 4 Serum parameters in the experimental mice

From: Inhibitory effects of astaxanthin on azoxymethane-induced colonic preneoplastic lesions in C57/BL/KsJ-db/dbmice

Group no. treatment 1 None a 2 Astaxanthin a 3 AOM alone a 4 AOM + astaxanthin a
Glucose (mg/dl) 110.8 ± 18.4 110.2 ± 18.3 97.6 ± 24.6 83.6 ± 25.1
Insulin (nM/ml) 131.8 ± 53.3 120.7 ± 35.3 203.1 ± 51.9 174.9 ± 47.3
Quicki 0.249 ± 0.005 0.253 ± 0.007 0.238 ± 0.007 0.238 ± 0.011
Adiponectin (ng/ml) 52.2 ± 2.0 53.3 ± 1.1 57.1 ± 13.8 57.5 ± 3.2
Leptin (ng/ml) 5.3 ± 0.3 4.6 ± 0.5 9.9 ± 0.3b 8.3 ± 0.5c
Triglyceride (mg/dl) 91.6 ± 32.7 91.6 ± 35.4 82.7 ± 24.6 90.2 ± 50.1
  1. aMean ± SD.
  2. bSignificantly different from group 1 by Tukey-Kramer Multiple Comaprison Test (P < 0.05).
  3. cSignificantly different from group 3 by Tukey-Kramer Multiple Comaprison Test (P < 0.05).