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Table 2 Incidence of gallstone among the osteoporosis and comparison patients from 2003 to 2005 ( N =8190)

From: Osteoporosis increases subsequent risk of gallstone: a nationwide population-based cohort study in Taiwan

  Total Patients with osteoporosis Patients without osteoporosis
Gallstone cases n % n % n %
5-year follow-up period       
Yes 425 5.2 114 7.0 311 4.7
No 7765 94.8 1524 93.0 6241 95.3
Crude HR (95% CI)     1.50 (1.21 - 1.86)*   1
Adjusted HR (95% CI)     1.35 (1.07 - 1.69)**   1
  1. *p <0.001, **p <0.05.
  2. Both crude and adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using Cox proportional-hazard regressions stratified by age and sex.
  3. Adjustments are made for sex, age, patients' monthly income, region, urbanization level, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, cirrhosis, spinal cord injury, hormone replacement, and clofibrate.