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Table 2 Case series with multiple plastic stents and single plastic stents for benign biliary strictures

From: Plastic or metal stents for benign extrahepatic biliary strictures: a systematic review

Author Year N Age (years (range)) Women Intervention Route Etiology stricture Location obstruction
Prospective studies         
Holt et al [32] 2007 53 48,5 (37-61) 32 single plastic stent ERCP post OLT anastomosis
Graziadei et al [30] 2006 84 53,5 21 single plastic stent ERCP post OLT anastomosis (65)
         non anastomosis (19)
Pozsar et al [48] 2005 20 mean 61,3 (36-81) 18 multiple plastic stents ERCP post sphincterectomy distal CBD
Kuzela et al [45] 2005 43 mean 50,3 (37-82) 25 multiple plastic stents ERCP post operative hilair
Kahl et al [34] 2003 61 median 47 (21-81) 15 single plastic stent ERCP chronic pancreatitis (61) CBD
Tocchi et al [38] 2000 20 mean 57 10 single plastic stent ERCP post operative CBD (3)
         hilair (17)
van Milligen et al [40] 1997 16 median 43 (17-69) 8 single plastic stent ERCP psc CBD (10)
         hiliar (6)
Retrospective studies         
Pasha et al [47] 2007 25 mean 46,7 (28-59) 4 multiple plastic stents ERCP post OLT anastomosis
Elmi et al [28] 2007 15 52 year (42-68) 9 single plastic stent ERCP post OLT anastomosis
Akay et al [21] 2006 11 42 (17-60) 6 single plastic stent ERCP post OLT anastomosis
Sharma et al [37] 2006 8 median 42 (20-61) 3 single plastic stent ERCP idiopathic CBD (6)
         hilair (2)
Alazmi et al [22] 2006 143 unknown unknown single plastic stent ERCP post OLT anastomosis
Zoepf et al [42] 2005 7 median 55 (45-65) unknown single plastic stent ERCP post OLT anastomosis
Cahen et al [25] 2005 58 median 54 (19-85) 10 single plastic stent ERCP chronic pancreatitis CBD
Catalano et al [64] 2004 46 mean 48 (30-71) 11 1 plastic stent (34) ERCP chronic pancreatitis CBD
      multiple plastic stents (12)    
Morelli et al [46] 2003 25 mean 48 (18-72) 9 multiple plastic stents   post OLT anastomosis
Hisatsune et al [31] 2003 19 45 (14-67) 9 single plastic stent ERCP post OLT anastomosis
Eickhoff et al [27] 2001 39 mean 54,7 (32-81) 7 single plastic stent ERCP chronic pancreatitis (39) CBD
Bourke et al [43] 2000 6 mean 53 (20-64) 3 multiple plastic stents ERCP post sphyncterectomy ampullary
Khandekar et al [44] 2000 17 median 50 (17-68) 13 multiple plastic stents ERCP post sphyncterectomy (10) CBD (14)
        papillotomy (2) other (3)
        post operative (3)  
Vitale et al [41] 2000 25 mean 46,7 (36-89) 7 single plastic stent ERCP chronic pancreatitis CBD
Kiehne et al [35] 2000 14 (36-89) 2 single plastic stent   chronic pancreatitis CBD
Farnbacher et al [29] 2000 31 50 (24-71) 3 single plastic stent ERCP chronic pancreatitis CBD
Rossi et al [36] 1998 15 mean 44 (28-55) 6 single plastic stent ERCP post OLT (15) anastomosis
De Masi et al [26] 1998 53 unknown unknown single plastic stent ERCP iatrogenic (39) CBD (20)
        gallstones (8) hilair (30)
Aru et al [23] 1997 8 mean 44 7 single plastic stent ERCP post operative CBD (7)
         hilair (1)
van Milligen et al [39] 1996 25 median 42 (21-74) 13 single plastic stent ERCP psc CBD (19)
         hilair (3)
Itani et al [33] 1995 5 unknown unknown single plastic stent ERCP chronic pancreatitis CBD
Barthet et al [24] 1994 19 mean 49 1 single plastic stent ERCP chronic pancreatitis CBD
Deviere et al [2] 1990 25 mean 42 (34-69) 1 single plastic stent ERCP chronic pancreatitis CBD