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Table 1 Randomized controlled trials on the use of corticosteroid for the prevention of pancreatic injury after ERCP

From: Meta-analysis of prophylactic corticosteroid use in post-ERCP pancreatitis

Author and publication year Setting Jadad score Sample size Type of corticosteroid administration Dosage (mg) Duration
Budzynska, 1997 Poland single centre 1 184 Prednisone, orally 40 15 hours and 3 hours before ERCP
Dumot, 1998 United States multicentre 4 255 Methylprednisolone, intravenous bolus 125 15 to 30 minutes before ERCP
De Palma, 1999 Italy single centre 5 529 Hydrocortisone, intravenous infusion 100 Immediately before ERCP
Budzynska, 2001 Poland single centre 2 201 Prednisone, orally 40 15 hours and 3 hours before ERCP
Manolakopoulos, 2002 Greece multicentre 5 228 Hydrocortisone, intravenous infusion 100 30 minutes before ERCP
Sherman, 2003 United States multicentre 4 1115 Prednisone, orally 40 15 hours and 3 hours before ERCP
Kwanngern, 2005 Thailand single centre 4 120 Hydrocortisone, intravenous infusion 100 1 hour before ERCP