Skip to main content

Table 3 Socio-demographic, lifestyle, clinical, psychological and environmental characteristics that discriminate between the four adherence outcomes (N = 16,791* **)

From: Adherence to colorectal cancer screening guidelines in Canada

   Ever use Adherence to FOBT screening guidelines Adherence to endoscopy screening guidelines Adherence to current CRC screening guidelines
Characteristic Category OR 95%CI p value OR 95%CI p value OR 95%CI p value OR 95%CI p value
Sex female     0.71 0.57–0.88 0.0021       
  male     1   .       
Age 50–64 0.82 0.72–0.93 0.0023 0.93 0.79–1.10 0.4002 0.92 0.80–1.06 0.2648 0.89 0.82–0.98 0.0168
  65 + 1    1    1    1   
Country of birth Canada 1.12 1.00–1.26 0.0599     1.27 1.13–1.43 0.0001 1.13 1.01–1.27 0.0279
  other 1       1    1   
Cultural/racial origin White 1.64 1.29–2.07 <.0001     1.33 1.05–1.70 0.0192 1.42 1.12–1.81 0.0043
  other 1       1    1   
Household income low 0.87 0.78–0.97 0.0113 0.82 0.72–0.93 0.0016     0.84 0.76–0.93 0.0005
  medium 0.99 0.90–1.09 0.8629 0.93 0.81–1.06 0.2623     0.96 0.88–1.04 0.2724
  high 1    1       1   
Physical activity active 1.25 1.09–1.43 0.0017 1.37 1.15–1.62 0.0003     1.25 1.08–1.45 0.0035
  moderate 1.23 1.13–1.34 <.0001 1.21 1.04–1.41 0.0143     1.20 1.08–1.33 0.0005
  not active 1    1   .     1   
Employment full-time 0.70 0.61–0.81 <.0001 0.73 0.62–0.87 0.0004 0.83 0.73–0.95 0.0063 0.76 0.67–0.87 <.0001
  part-time 0.87 0.73–1.05 0.1516 0.84 0.69–1.03 0.0910 0.87 0.69–1.11 0.2568 0.81 0.68–0.98 0.0282
  no job 1    1    1    1   
Fruits & vegetables - 1.03 1.01–1.05 0.0025 1.05 1.03–1.06 <.0001     1.02 1.00–1.05 0.0667
Smoking status current 0.91 0.78–1.06 0.2077 0.85 0.65–1.11 0.2292 0.84 0.71–1.00 0.0537 0.83 0.70–0.98 0.0241
  former 1.21 1.11–1.33 <.0001 1.10 0.94–1.29 0.2496 1.20 1.06–1.36 0.0042 1.19 1.07–1.33 0.0021
  never 1    1    1    1   
Chronic condition yes 1.49 1.28–1.74 <.0001 1.32 1.11–1.57 0.0021 1.48 1.20–1.82 0.0002 1.43 1.25–1.63 <.0001
  no 1    1    1    1   
Regular physician yes 1.81 1.50–2.18 <.0001 2.68 1.77–4.04 <.0001 1.91 1.46–2.50 <.0001 2.39 1.87–3.03 <.0001
  no 1    1    1    1   
Flu shot yes 1.61 1.47–1.78 <.0001 1.59 1.39–1.82 <.0001 1.51 1.37–1.66 <.0001 1.55 1.41–1.70 <.0001
  no 1    1    1    1   
Self-perceived stress - 1.10 1.05–1.15 <.0001     1.07 1.01–1.12 0.0132 1.06 1.01–1.11 0.0162
Provincea NF & B 0.96 0.78–1.17 0.6547 0.61 0.37–0.99 0.0463 1.35 1.05–1.73 0.0189 1.02 0.84–1.23 0.8474
  ON 1.28 1.03–1.59 0.0284 1.39 0.85–2.28 0.1928 1.42 1.22–1.64 <.0001 1.43 1.13–1.80 0.0025
  SK 1.14 0.76–1.73 0.5190 1.27 0.74–2.16 0.3821 1.19 0.92–1.53 0.1803 1.18 0.76–1.82 0.4602
  BC 1    1    1    1   
  1. Significant p-values are bolded
  2. *Number of respondent representing 2,438,766 Canadians
  3. a NF & LB = Newfoundland and Labrador; ON = Ontario; SK = Saskatchewan; BC = British Columbia
  4. **Respondents with bowel disease were excluded from analysis