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Table 2 Anxiety and depression scores for patients with gastrointestinal cancer by age, gender, marital status, educational status, cancer site and knowledge of diagnosis

From: Anxiety and depression in patients with gastrointestinal cancer: does knowledge of cancer diagnosis matter?

  Anxiety Depression
Age Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
19–29 8.4 (4.6) 8.0 (4.3)
30–39 10.6 (5.1) 8.9 (3.7)
40–49 9.1 (3.9) 9.4 (4.3)
50–59 7.8 (3.9) 8.5 (4.0)
≥60 6.2 (4.4) 8.1 (3.6)
ANOVA F = 3.87 F = 0.50
P value 0.005* 0.73
Gender   
Male 7.0 (4.7) 8.4 (4.0)
Female 8.3 (4.2) 8.6 (3.7)
t-test -1.63 -0.021
P value 0.1 0.83
Marital status   
Single 6.8 (2.7) 6.5 (2.9)
Married 7.7 (4.6) 8.6 (3.9)
Widowed 8.1 (5.1) 10.6 (3.1)
ANOVA F = 0.24 F = 2.75
P value 0.78 0.06
Educational status   
Illiterate 7.2 (4.3) 8.6 (3.6)
Primary 7.2 (4.6) 7.6 (3.5)
Secondary 10.3 (4.9) 10.1 (5.9)
College/university 9.4 (3.2) 9.1 (3.4)
ANOVA F = 2.33 F = 1.64
P value 0.07 0.18
Cancer site   
Esophagus 6.8 (4.5) 8.2 (3.5)
Stomach 8.0 (4.5) 8.9 (3.5)
Small intestine 5.0 (2.8) 8.2 (1.3)
Colon 8.4 (3.2) 7.8 (3.6)
Rectum 7.9 (5.8) 9.3 (5.4)
ANOVA F = 1.11 F = 0.67
P value 0.35 0.61
Initial treatment   
Surgery 8.1 (4.4) 8.2 (3.9)
Chemotherapy/radiotherapy 6.6 (4.0) 8.7 (3.1)
Best Supportive care 6.9 (4.8) 8.9 (4.1)
ANOVA F = 1.30 F = 0.36
P value 0.27 0.69
Knowledge of diagnosis   
Yes 9.1 (4.2) 9.1 (4.1)
No 6.3 (4.4) 7.9 (3.6)
t-test 3.83 1.94
P value <0.0001 0.05
  1. * Bonferroni correction indicated that only those in age group 30–39 and ≥60 significantly were differed.