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Table 3 Adjusted odds ratio (OR) for having low-risk or advanced neoplasia compared to controls with no neoplasia diagnosed at FS depending on lifestyle characteristics among 3998 responders.

From: Lifestyle as a predictor for colonic neoplasia in asymptomatic individuals

  Low-risk adenoma OR [95% CI]a Advanced neoplasia OR [95% CI]a
BMI (kg/m2)     
   BMI<25   Reference   Reference
   BMI = 25–29.9 1.11 [0.88–1.41] 0.94 [0.60–1.48]
   BMI≥30 1.57 [1.13–2.18] 1.37 [0.72–2.58]
   Ptrend = 0.02   Ptrend = 0.61
Smoking     
   Never   Reference   Reference
   Former 1.06 [0.79–1.41] 1.30 [0.72–2.37]
   Occasional 1.29 [0.78–2.15] 0.33 [0.04–2.45]
   1–10 cigarettes/day 1.30 [0.93–1.83] 2.04 [1.07–3.89]
   11–20 cigarettes/day 1.76 [1.29–2.40] 2.93 [1.62–5.29]
   >20 cigarettes/day 1.43 [0.77–2.65] 2.39 [0.85–6.77]
   Ptrend < 0.001   Ptrend = <0.001
Total score for exercise with or without sweating     
   Quartile1 (score 2–4)   Reference   Reference
   Quartile 2 (score 5) 1.02 [0.72–1.45] 0.64 [0.33–1.25]
   Quartile 3 (score 6) 0.96 [0.70–1.33] 0.82 [0.47–1.43]
   Quartile 4 (score 7–12) 1.19 [0.89–1.60] 0.67 [0.39–1.16]
   Ptrend = 0.24   Ptrend = 0.23
Servings of vegetables, fruit and berries per day     
   Quartile 1 (0–1.07 servings per day)   Reference   Reference
   Quartile 2 (1.08–1.71 servings per day) 1.14 [0.84–1.54] 0.96 [0.56–1.64]
   Quartile 3 (1.72–2.50 servings per day) 1.15 [0.85–1.57] 0.69 [0.37–1.26]
   Quartile 4 (At least 2.60 servings per day) 0.90 [0.64–1.27] 0.69 [0.37–1.30]
   Ptrend = 0.63   Ptrend = 0.16
Consumption of boiled potatoes     
   <1 time/week   Reference   Reference
   1–3 times/week 1.15 [0.67–1.98] 0.70 [0.31–1.56]
   ≥4 times/week 1.38 [0.81–2.34] 0.74 [0.34–1.62]
   Ptrend = 0.09   Ptrend = 0.71
Consumption of meat other than poultry     
   <1 time/week   Reference   Reference
   1–3 times/week 1.07 [0.76–1.50] 0.82 [0.45–1.48]
   ≥4 times/week 1.24 [0.83–1.87] 0.62 [0.28–1.39]
   Ptrend = 0.26   Ptrend = 0.24
  1. aAdjusted for gender, age, bmi, smoking habits, total score for exercise, total consumption of vegetables, fruit and berries, boiled potatoes, poultry, other meat than poultry and fatty fish.