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Table 4 Multivariable models of characteristics associated with utilization of screening colonoscopy, flexible sigmoidoscopy, or barium enema

From: Persistent demographic differences in colorectal cancer screening utilization despite Medicare reimbursement

  Colonoscopy Flexible sigmoidoscopy Barium enema
  Odds ratio 95% confidence interval Odds ratio 95% confidence interval Odds ratio 95% confidence interval
Sex       
   Male 1.00   1.00   1.00  
   Female 0.74 0.71, 0.78 0.84 0.80, 0.88 0.98 0.84, 1.13
Age       
   65–69 1.00   1.00   1.00  
   70–74 1.02 0.96, 1.09 0.91 0.86, 0.96 1.06 0.86, 1.30
   75–79 0.94 0.87, 1.01 0.73 0.68, 0.77 1.13 0.92, 1.40
   ≥ 80 0.49 0.46, 0.54 0.36 0.33, 0.39 0.90 0.73, 1.11
Race       
   White 1.00   1.00   1.00  
   Black 0.81 0.64, 1.03 0.73 0.59, 0.91 0.38 0.14, 1.02
   Hispanic 0.36 0.21, 0.62 0.32 0.19, 0.53 1.72 0.82, 3.63
   Asian 0.69 0.54, 0.86 0.72 0.59, 0.88 0.69 0.36, 1.34
   Other 0.75 0.60, 0.95 0.68 0.55, 0.89 0.50 0.22, 1.11
Residence       
   Rural 1.10   1.00   1.00  
   Urban 1.10 1.03, 1.18 1.14 1.05, 1.18 1.09 0.90, 1.32