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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of individuals according to antibiotic exposure in pregnancy

From: Antibiotic exposure in pregnancy and risk of coeliac disease in offspring: a cohort study

  Antibiotics No antibiotics
Total A (%) 1836 (21.0) 6893 (79.0)
Infant sex   
Girls, n (%) 904 (49.2) 3342 (48.5)
Boys, n (%) 932 (50.8) 3551 (51.5)
Heredity B   
Coeliac disease, n (%) 30 (1.6) 84 (1.2)
Type 1 diabetes mellitus, n (%) 56 (3.1) 155 (2.2)
Maternal characteristics   
Age at delivery; mean +/− SD (years) 30.3 +/− 4.4 29.7 +/− 4.5
Maternal university educationC, n (%) 715 (39.1) 2272 (33.1)
  1. AIndividuals with complete data on breastfeeding and gluten introduction.
  2. BFirst-degree relative with coeliac disease/type 1 diabetes mellitus.
  3. C>12 years of education at time of delivery.