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Table 3 Risk factors for children with rotavirus and non-rotavirus diarrhea

From: Risk factors of rotavirus diarrhea in hospitalized children in Sanglah Hospital, Denpasar: a prospective cohort study

Variables Rotavirus positive (n = 327) Rotavirus negative (n = 329) RR (95% CI), p value
Sex, Male, n (%) 214 (65.4) 186 (56.5) 1.2 (1.03 to 1.43), 0.019
Age, n (%) month    
 0 – <3 19 (5.8) 22 (6.2) 1.0 (Referent group)
 3 – <6 34 (10.4) 35 (10.6) 0.9 (0.63 to 1.41), 0.77
 6 – <12 93 (28.4) 89 (27.1) 0.9 (0.63 to 1.30), 0.58
 12 – <24 129 (39.4) 109 (33.1) 0.9 (0.60 to 1.21), 0.35
 24 – <36 33 (10.1) 45 (13.7) 1.1 (0.72 to 1.67), 0.67
 36 – <48 12 (3.7) 15 (4.6) 1.0 (0.61 to 1.78), 0.88
 48 – <60 7 (2.1) 14 (4.3) 1.4 (0.70 to 2.77), 0.33
Nutritional status, n (%)
 Well-nourish 231 (70.6) 221 (67.2) 1.0 (Referent group)
 Malnourish 96 (29.4) 108 (32.8) 1.1 (0.92 to 1.29), 0.34
Family member with diarrhea, n (%) 37 (11.3) 26 (7.9) 1.2 (0.96 to 1.50), 0.14
Eat by him/herself, n (%) 73 (22.3) 83 (25.2) 0.9 (0.76 to 1.11), 0.38
Fed by parent, n (%) 101 (30.9) 111 (33.7) 0.9 (0.79 to 1.11), 0.43
Breastfeeding, n (%) 125 (38.3) 122 (37.1) 1.0 (0.88 to 1.20), 0.76
Bottle-feeding, n (%) 245 (74.9) 245 (74.5) 1.0 (0.85 to 1.21), 0.89