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Table 2 Clinical manifestations in children with rotavirus and non-rotavirus diarrhea

From: Risk factors of rotavirus diarrhea in hospitalized children in Sanglah Hospital, Denpasar: a prospective cohort study

Variables Rotavirus positive (n = 327) Rotavirus negative (n = 329) RR (95% CI), p value
Chief complain, n (%)    
- Diarrhea 302 (92.4) 276 (83.9) 1.0 (Referent group)
- Vomiting 9 (2.8) 21 (6.4) 1.7 (1.00 to 3.02), 0.017
- Others 16 (4.9) 32 (9.7) 1.6 (1.04 to 2.36), 0.012
General condition at admission, n (%)    
- Well 155 (47.4) 150 (45.6) 1.0 (Referent group)
- Irritable 155 (47.4) 155 (47.1) 1.0 (0.87 to 1.19), 0.84
- Lethargy 17 (5.2) 24 (7.3) 1.2 (0.84 to 1.79), 0.26
Degree of dehydration, n (%)    
- No dehydration 17 (5.2) 38 (11.6) 1.0 (Referent group)
- Mild-moderate 299 (91.4) 278 (84.5) 0.6 (0.40 to 0.89), 0.03
- Severe 11 (3.4) 13 (4.0) 0.7 (0.38 to 1.21), 0.20
Vomiting, n (%) 275 (84.1) 247 (75.1) 1.4 (1.08 to 1.70), 0.004
Seizure, n (%) 23 (7.0) 30 (9.1) 0.9 (0.63 to 1.18), 0.33
Fever, n (%) 203 (62.1) 195 (59.3) 1.1 (0.90 to 1.24), 0.46
Bloody diarrhea, n (%) 1 (0.3) 7 (2.1) 4.0 (0.64 to 25.22), 0.07*
Outcome, n (%)    
- Recovered 319 (97.6) 319 (97.0) 1.0 (Referent group)
- Referral/Death 8 (2.4) 10 (3.0) 1.1 (0.67 to 1.90), 0.64
  1. *Fisher’s exact test.