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Table 2 Clinicopathological features, H. pylori and EBV infection in gastritis samples of adults patients

From: Occurrence of Helicobacter pyloriand Epstein-Barr virus infection in endoscopic and gastric cancer patients from Northern Brazil

Variable H. pylori CagA EBV
Negative Positive p-value Negativec Positive p-value Negative Positive p-value
Age (Mean ± SD) 35.58 ± 7.82 45.00 ± 10.89 0.011* 37.6 ± 7.67 44.92 ± 11.75 0.039* 42.24 ± 11.14 39.50 ± 3.54 0.733
Gender [N(%)]          
Female 3 (21.4) 11 (78.6) 0.410a 5 (35.7) 9 (64.3) 0.915a 14 (100) 0 (0) 0.999a
Male 9 (36.0) 16 (64.0)   10 (40.0) 15 (60.0)   23 (92.0) 2 (8.0)  
Histological subtype [N(%)]          
Mild 7 (36.8) 12 (63.2) 0.715b 9 (47.4) 10 (52.6) 0.820b 17 (89.5) 2 (10.5) 0.999b
Moderate/Severe 5 (25.0) 15 (75.0)   6 (30.0) 14 (70.0)   20 (100) 0 (0)  
EBV infection [N(%)]          
Absent 12 (32.4) 25 (67.6) 0.999b 14 (37.8) 23 (62.2) 0.810b    
Present 0 (0) 2 (100)   1 (50.0) 1 (50.0)     
  1. *Significant difference between groups, p < 0.05. ap value after adjustment for age; bp value after adjustment for age and gender; cNegative samples for H. pylori and samples with H. pylori infection but without CagA virulence factor; EBV: Epstein-Barr virus; SD: standard deviation.