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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Threaded biliary inside stents are a safe and effective therapeutic option in cases of malignant hilar obstruction

  Threaded PS (N = 12) PS (N = 17) MS (N = 13)
Sex    
 Male 7 8 7
 Female 5 9 6
Age (years) mean ± SD 67.5 ± 11.7 66.1 ± 12.2 69.2 ± 13.2
Diagnosis    
 Bile duct cancer 5 6 7
 Gall bladder cancer 4 8 4
 Others 3 3 2
Bismuth classification    
 Type I 4 6 4
 Type II 1 1 3
 Type III 2 2 2
 Type IV 5 8 4
Serum total bilirubin (mg/dl) mean ± SD 7.5 ± 5.6 6.2 ± 2.9 5.4 ± 3.2
Chemotherapy received * 5 (50%) 11 (65%) 4 (31%)
 Gemcitabine 4 7 2
 S-1 1 7 4
  1. * Chemotherapy include combined therapy of gemcitabine and S-1.