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Table 1 Comparison of demographic characteristics of the infection group (n = 1,294) and non-infection group (n = 3,282)

From: High mortality of pneumonia in cirrhotic patients with ascites

  Infection (n = 1294) Non-infection (n = 3282) P value
Male, no. (%) 856 (66.2) 2309 (70.4) 0.006
Age, yr    0.169
 30–44, no. (%) 219 (16.9)   572 (17.4)  
 45–59, no. (%) 458 (35.4) 1154 (35.2)  
 60–74, no. (%) 410 (31.7) 1100 (33.5)  
 >75, no. (%) 207 (16.0)  456 (13.9)  
HCC, no. (%) 258 (19.9)  898 (27.4) <0.001
Esophageal variceal bleeding 132 (10.2)  476 (14.5) <0.001
Hepatic encephalopathy 218 (16.8)  488 (14.9) 0.095
PUB, no. (%)  64 (4.9)   192 (5.9) 0.231
Alcoholism, no. (%) 232 (17.9)  677 (20.6) 0.039
RFI, no. (%)  103 (8.0)   210 (6.4) 0.060
  1. Abbreviations: HCC, hepatocellular carcinoma; PUB, peptic ulcer bleeding; RFI, renal function impairment.