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Table 1 Diet composition (% w/w)

From: Role of serotonin in fatty acid-induced non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in mice

  w/w C C+ TRP SFA SFA +TRP MUFA MUFA + TRP PUFA
Casein % 23.00 23.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00
Corn starch, pre-gelatinized % 34.90 34.90 30.00 30.00 30.00 30.00 30.00
Maltodextrin % 14.28 14.04 8.28 8.04 8.28 8.04 8.28
Sucrose % 5.20 5.20 10.00 10.00 10.00 10.00 10.00
Cellulose powder % 3.90 3.90 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00
L-Cystine % 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30
L-Tryptophan % ——– 0.24 ——– 0.24 ——– 0.24 ——–
Vitamin premix1 % 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20
Mineral & trace element premix2 % 6.00 6.00 6.00 6.00 6.00 6.00 6.00
Choline chloride (50%) % 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20
Butylated hydroxytoluene % 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
Soy oil % 11.00 11.00 ——– ——– ——– ——– ——–
Beef tallow % ——– ——– 15.00 15.00 ——–   ——–
Olive oil % ——– ——– ——– ——– 15.00 15.00 ——–
Safflower oil % ——– ——– ——– ——– ——– ——– 15.00
  1. C, Control; SFA, saturated fatty acids; TRP, tryptophan; MUFA, monounsaturated fatty acids; PUFA, polyunsaturated fatty acids.
  2. 1Vitamin premix supplied per kg of diet: retinol, 4.5 mg; cholecalciferol, 0.0375 mg; all-rac (DL-) α-tocopherol, 150 mg; menadione (as MNB), 20 mg; L-ascorbic acid, 30 mg; thiamin, 16 mg; riboflavin, 16 mg; pyridoxine, 18 mg; cobalamin, 0.03 mg; niacin, 49 mg; D-pantothenic acid, 56 mg; folic acid, 19 mg; D-biotin, 0.31 mg; inositol, 80 mg.
  3. 2Mineral & trace element premix supplied per kg of diet: Fe, 162 mg as ferrous fumarate; Mn, 98 mg as manganese sulphate; Zn, 64 mg as zinc sulphate; Cu, 14 mg as copper sulphate; I, 1.2 mg as calcium iodate, Se, 0.11 mg as sodium selenite; and Co, 0.12 mg as cobalt carbonate.