UDCA reduces TNFα and c-Met shedding in LX2 cells. LX2 cells were either left untreated (control) or pretreated with 200 μmol/l UDCA (UDCA) or with 10 nmol/l metalloproteinase inhibitor TAPI-2 (TAPI) for 2 hours. Cells were then either stimulated with 10 nmol/l PMA for an additional 24 hours or left non-stimulated. (A-B) Levels of human TNFα (A) and sMet (B) in conditioned media were measured by ELISA. Mean values ± SEM are shown (n = 3). *p < 0.05.