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Table 4 MMSE results in patients with overt HE according to West-Haven criteria

From: Mini-Mental State Examination in patients with hepatic encephalopathy and liver cirrhosis: a prospective, quantified electroencephalography study

MMSE categories Grade 1 (n=26) Grade 2 (n=16) Grade 3 (n=7) Grade 1 vs2 Grade 1 vs3 Grade 2 vs3
MMSE summary score 26.8 ± 2.7 25.4 ± 3.9 23.7 ± 5.6 ns p<0.02 ns
Orientation to time 4.7 ± 0.6 4.4 ± 0.9 4.4 ± 1.1 ns ns ns
Orientation to place 4.8 ± 0.4 4.4 ± 0.8 4.4 ± 0.8 p<0.02 p<0.05 ns
Attention and calculation 4.0 ± 1.2 3.7 ± 1.6 2.1 ± 1.9 ns p<0.003 p<0.02
Recall 2.2 ± 0.8 1.9 ± 0.9 1.9 ± 0.9 ns ns ns
Repetition 0.7 ± 0.5 0.6 ± 0.5 0.9 ± 0.4 ns ns ns
Complex commands (Understanding) 2.5 ± 0.7 2.6 ± 0.9 2.5 ± 1.1 ns ns ns
Complex commands (Write a sentence) 1.0 ± 0.2 0.8 ± 0.4 0.9 ± 0.4 p<0.05 ns ns
Complex commands (Copy of pentagons) 0.8 ± 0.4 0.7 ± 0.5 0.6 ± 0.5 ns ns ns
  1. MMSE Mini-Mental State Examination, HE hepatic encephalopathy.