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Table 2 Demographic data, details of the endoscopic procedures, endoscopic findings, and clinical outcomes according to the indication for small bowel enteroscopy

From: The utility of single-balloon enteroscopy for the diagnosis and management of small bowel disorders according to their clinical manifestations: a retrospective review

Indication Overt GI bleeding Occult GI bleeding Abdominal pain Chronic diarrhea Abnormalities on imaging scans
Details (n = 84) (n = 21) (n = 14) (n = 18) (n = 8)
  n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Age (years) 61.8 ± 18.0 81.0 ± 18.3 50.4 ± 12.7 47.5 ± 14.5 55.7 ± 15.5
Sex: male 51 (60.7) 6 (28.6) 9 (64.5) 5 (27.8) 4 (50.0)
Route: antegrade 60 (71.4) 18 (85.7) 11 (78.6) 16 (88.9) 7 (87.5)
Areas of interest achieved 61 (72.6) 20.0 (95.2) 11 (78.6) 18 (100) 7 (87.5)
Findings      
Negative 37 (44.0) 7 (33.3) 3 (21.4) 6 (33.3) 5 (62.5)
Positive 48 (56.0) 14 (66.7) 11 (78.6) 12 (66.7) 3 (37.5)
  Erosions 13 (15.5) 3 (14.3) 11 (78.6) 3 (16.7) 1 (12.5)
  Ulcers 14 (16.7) 3 (14.3) 6 (42.9) 3 (16.7) 0 (0.0)
  Stricture 0 (0.0) 2 (9.5) 4 (28.6) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
  Angiodysplasia 4 (4.8) 1 (4.8) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
  Polyp 1 (1.2) 4 (19.0) 0 (0.0) 3 (16.7) 0 (0.0)
  Mass 8 (9.5) 2 (9.5) 1 (7.1) 0 (0.0) 1 (12.5)
Non-specific erythematous mucosa 5 (6.0) 2 (9.5) 9 (64.2) 7 (38.9) 1 (12.5)
  Blood stain 4 (4.8) 0 (0.0) 1 (7.1) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
  Atrophic villi 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (7.1) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
  Dieulafoy’s lesion 5 (6.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
  Diverticulum 4 (4.8) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
  Varix 2 (2.4) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
  Hemangioma 1 (1.2) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
  Lymphangiectasia 7 (8.3) 2 (9.5) 3 (21.4) 1 (5.6) 1 (12.5)
Failure 7 (8.3) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (12.5)
Therapeutic interventions performed 11 (13.1) 5 (23.8) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Clinical conclusion 37 (44.0) 7 (33.3) 3 (21.4) 6 (33.3) 5 (62.5)
Negative finding      
Incidental finding 11 (13.1) 3 (14.3) 3 (21.4) 3 (16.7) 1 (12.5)
Associated positive finding 11 (13.1) 1 (4.8) 4 (28.6) 5 (27.8) 1 (12.5)
Definitive diagnosis 25 (29.8) 10 (47.6) 7 (50.0) 4 (22.2) 1 (12.5)
Diagnostic yield 36 (42.9) 11 (52.4) 13 (78.6) 8 (50.0) 2 (25.0)
Clinical success 35 (41.7) 11 (52.4) 10 (71.4) 7 (38.9) 3 (37.5)
Minor complications 9 (10.5) 3 (14.3) 1 (7.1) 0 (0.0) 2 (25.0)
Time to enteroscopy (days) 49.3 N/A N/A N/A N/A
VCE done 51 (60.7) 11 (52.4) 2 (14.3) 3 (16.7) 0 (0.0)
  1. Abbreviations: GI Gastrointestinal, VCE Video capsule enteroscopy, N/A Not available.