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Table 1 Correlation between number of laparostomy revisions and clinical parameters observed at first laparotomy (excluding patients who died or who were lost at follow-up after first laparotomy)

From: Comparative analysis of primary repair vs resection and anastomosis, with laparostomy, in management of typhoid intestinal perforation: results of a rural hospital in northwestern Benin

Number of revisions p
  1 2 3 4 >4
Age (average) 18.2 17.0 22.2 13 18 0.61
Number of perforations at initial surgery (average) 1.89 1.51 1.63 2 2.06 0.92
Distance from the ileocaecal valve
 < 30 cm (55 cases) 17 18 7 1 12 0.07
(30.9%) (32.7%) (12.7%) (1.8%) (21.8%)  
 20-30 cm (35 cases) 8 14 5 1 7 0.09
(22.8%) (40%) (14.2%) (2.8%) (20%)
 > 30 cm (5 cases) 0 3 2 0 0 0.06
(60%) (40%)
Type of initial surgery
 Primary repair (54 cases) 15 22 10 0 7 0.005
(27.7%) (40.7%) (18.%) (12.9%)
 Resection and anastomosis (16 cases) 3 3 1 1 8 0.023
(18.7%) (18.7%) (6.2%) (6.2%) (50%)
WBC (average) at initial surgery 7706 10500 10222 10750 0.58
Hb (average) at initial surgery 9.7 10.2 10.1 9.8 0.37