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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of 52 patients treated with an esophageal stent for a benign rupture or anastomotic leak

From: Fully covered self-expandable metal stents (SEMS), partially covered SEMS and self-expandable plastic stents for the treatment of benign esophageal ruptures and anastomotic leaks

Characteristic n = 52
Age, year (mean ± SD) 60 (±14)
Gender, number of patients (%)  
   Male 32 (61)
   Female 20 [39]
Cause of benign rupture or leak, number of patients (%)  
   Anastomotic 32 (62)
   Iatrogenic 13 [25]
   Boerhaave's syndrome 4 [8]
   Other 3 [5]
Location of benign rupture or leak, number of patients (%)  
   Distal esophagus 13 [25]
   Mid-esophagus 24 (45)
   Proximal esophagus 11 [21]
   Unknown 4 [9]
Length of rupture or leak, cm (median (range)) 2 (0.2-7)
Time interval between rupture and stent placement, number of patients (%)  
   Within 24 hours 5 [10]
   After 24 hours 47 (90)
Prior treatment for benign rupture or leak, number of patients (%)  
   Stent placement in another hospital 3 [5]
   Surgery 3 [5]
   Clip placement 1 [2]
   None 45 (88)
Antibiotic treatment, number of patients (%)  
   Yes 41.(79)
   No 11 [21]
Concurrent fluid drainage, number of patients (%)  
   Yes 24 (46)
   No 28 (54)
Total days of treatment with a stent, median (range) 39 (1-742)