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Table 2 Crude and adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals of esophageal cancer associated with diabetes and covariates

From: Risk of esophagus cancer in diabetes mellitus: a population-based case-control study in Taiwan

  Crude Adjusted
Variable OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI)
Diabetes mellitus     
No 1.00   1.00  
Yes 1.03 (0.76-1.40) 0.99 (0.71-1.37)
Alcoholism     
No 1.00   1.00  
Yes 14.6 (8.25-25.7) 14.1 (7.87-25.4)
Periodontal disease     
No 1.00   1.00  
Yes 0.24 (0.06-1.00) 0.20 (0.04-0.88)
Esophageal ulcer     
No 1.00   1.00  
Yes 12.1 (7.01-21.0) 10.1 (5.70-17.9)
Esophageal reflux     
No 1.00   1.00  
Yes 4.70 (3.02-7.33) 3.47 (2.14-5.62)
COX-2 inhibitors     
Never use 1.00   1.00  
Ever use 1.40 (1.14-1.73) 1.06 (0.83-1.34)
Other NSAIDs     
Never use 1.00   1.00  
Ever use 3.28 (2.19-4.92) 2.73 (1.80-4.13)
  1. Adjusted for sex, age, DM, alcoholism, periodontal disease, esophagus ulcer, esophagus reflux, other NSAIDs and COX-2 inhibitors.