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Table 1 Baseline patient characteristics

From: Acupuncture for irritable bowel syndrome: primary care based pragmatic randomised controlled trial

Characteristic Acupuncture (n = 116) Usual care (n = 117) Overall (n = 233)
Age    
Mean (SD) 44.28 (14.31) 42.68 (14.79) 43.47 (14.54)
Median (min to max) 43.81 (21.33 to 78.29) 42.00 (19.51 to 74.47) 42.69 (19.51 to 78.29)
Gender    
Male, n (%) 21 (18.10) 24 (20.51) 45 (19.31)
Education (full time)    
Yes (%) 5 (4.31) 4 (3.42) 9 (3.86)
Work (full time) (n = 90) (n = 81) (n = 171)
Yes (%) 57 (49.14) 63 (53.85) 120 (51.50)
Work (Not full time) (n = 54) (n = 51) (n = 105)
Work part-time 31 (26.72) 19 (16.24) 50 (21.16)
Currently looking for work 1 (0.86) 4 (3.42) 5 (2.15)
Permanently unable to work 4 (3.45) 0 (0.00) 4 (1.72)
Looking after home/family 4 (3.45) 10 (8.55) 14 (6.01)
Retired 11 (9.48) 16 (13.68) 27 (11.59)
Other 3 (2.59) 2 (1.71) 5 (2.15)
Belief: In general, do you think acupuncture can work?    
Yes (%) 61 (52.59) 69 (58.97) 130 (55.79)
No (%) 1 (0.86) 0 (0.00) 1 (0.43)
Don’t know (%) 54 (46.55) 48 (41.03) 102 (43.78)
Expectation: Do you think acupuncture may help your IBS?    
Yes (%) 31 (26.72) 37 (31.62) 68 (29.18)
No (%) 1 (0.86) 1 (0.85) 2 (0.86)
Don’t know (%) 84 (72.41) 79 (67.52) 163 (69.96)
Preference 1: Which treatment do you prefer?    
Acupuncture (%) 90 (77.59) 88 (75.21) 178 (76.39)
Standard care (%) 0 (0.00) 1 (0.85) 1 (0.43)
Don’t mind either (%) 26 (22.41) 28 (23.93) 54 (23.18)
Preference 2: Did you get your treatment preference?    
Got what I preferred (%) 90 (77.59) 1 (0.85) 91 (39.06)
Did not get what I preferred (%) 0 (0.00) 88 (75.21) 88 (37.77)
Did not have preference (%) 26 (22.41) 28 (23.93) 54 (23.18)
Irritable Bowel Syndrome Symptom Severity Score (IBS SSS):    
Mean (SD) 280.00 (81.34) 277.17 (71.50) 278.59 (76.47)