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Table 1 Demographic, Anthropometric and Lifestyle variables of PBC patients, FDR and Controls

From: Primary Biliary Cirrhosis in a genetically homogeneous population: Disease associations and familial occurrence rates

  Controls N (%) PBC N (%) PBC vs controls p-value FDR N (%) FDR vs controls p-value
Female sex 127 (85.2%) 94 (84.7%) NS 75 (65.2%) NS
Mean age (y) 64.6 ± 11.9 64.8 ± 11.9 NS 43.59 ± 13.7 <0.0001*
Urban residence 96 (64.4%) 58 (52.3%) NS 89 (77.4%) 0.03*
Rural residence 53 (35.6%) 53 (47.7%) 0.05* 26 (22.6%) NS
No Education 13 (8.7%) 2 (1.8%) NS 0 NS
Elementary 53 (35.6%) 61 (55%) 0.01* 14 (12.2%) <0.0001*
High school 64 (43%) 29 (26.1%) 0.01* 59 (51.3%) NS
University 19 (12.8%) 19 (17.1%) NS 42 (36.2%) <0.0001*
BMI 25-30 71 (47.7%) 44 (39.6%) NS 32 (27.8%) 0.002*
Mean BMI 27.2 ± 4.25 27.04 ± 4.85 NS 25.58 ± 4.42 0.003*
Active smokers 35/54 (64.8%) 22/36 (61.1%) NS 48/62 (77.4%) NS
Past smokers 19/54 (35.2%) 14/36 (38.9%) NS 14/62 (22.6%) NS
Non smokers 94 (63.1%) 75 (67.6%) NS 52/114 (45.6%) 0.006*
Alcohol misuse 9/17 (52.9%) 13/15 (84.6%) NS 13/34 (38.2%) NS
Alcohol use 8/17 (47.1%) 2/15 (15.4%) NS 21/34 (61.8%) NS
No alcohol use 133 (89.3%) 99 (89.2%) NS 81 (70.4%) <0.0001*
Hair Dye use 75 (50.3%) 45 (40.9%) NS NA NA
Nail Polish use 47 (31.5%) 26 (23.6%) NS NA NA
  1. Note: Continuous variables are expressed as mean ± standard deviation, NS: not significant, NA: not available, *Statistically significant.