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Table 4 Complications

From: Endoscopic stenting for hilar cholangiocarcinoma: efficacy of unilateral and bilateral placement of plastic and metal stents in a retrospective review of 480 patients

  Plastic (n=204) Metal (n=246) Pvalue Total
  n % n %   n %
Early Complications 17 8.3 5 2 0.002a 22 4.9
Stent failure 12 5.9 0 0 <0.001a 12 2.7
- occlusion 8 3.9 0 0 0.017a 8 1.8
- migration 4   0 0 0.027a 4 0.9
Pancreatitis 4 2.0 3 1.2 0.534 7 1.6
Bleeding 1 0.5 2 0.8 0.670 3 0.7
Late Complications 115 56.4 60 24.4 <0,001a 175 38.9
Stent failure 115 56.4 60 24.4 <0,001a 175 38.9
- occlusion 106 52.0 60 24.4 <0,001a 166 36.9
with cholangitis 68/106 33.3 14/60 5.7 <0,001a 83/166 18.2
- migration 9 4.4 0 0 0,001a 9 2.0
  1. aStatistically significant.