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Table 4 Long term effect of mode of childbirth on perianal disease

From: Effect of childbirth on the course of Crohn's disease; results from a retrospective cohort study in the Netherlands

  Perianal disease prior to pregnancy n = 27 No perianal disease prior to pregnancy n = 87
Mode of childbirth Vaginal delivery n (%) Caesarean section n (%) Vaginal delivery n (%) Caesarean section n (%)
  11 (41) 16 (59) 66 (76) 21 (24)
Progression perianal disease ≤ 2 years post partum: 2 (18) 5 (31) 3 (5) 3 (14)
   - Yes 9 (82) 9 (56) 58(94) 18 (86)
   - No 0 (0) 2 (13) 5 (1) 0 (0)
   - Not applicable     
  1. † delivery less than one year ago or data missing