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Table 2 Levels of eight hormones related to energy homeostasis, and BMI in 21 subjects, according to H. pylori eradication status

From: The effect of H. pylori eradication on meal-associated changes in plasma ghrelin and leptin

  Median (IQR) hormone concentration (pg/ml), before and after H. pylorieradication Comparison of values at baseline and after eradication (p-value)
  Baseline Eradicated   
Hormone Pre-meal Post-meal pb Pre-meal Post-meal pb Pre-meal Post-meal
Amylin 15 19 0.046 16 36 0.008 0.25 0.16
  (14-43) (15-54)   (15-50) (15-106)    
Insulin 243 584 < 0.001 265 763 < 0.001 0.39 0.28
  (129-414) (462-1,475)   (139-558) (430-2,100)    
Ghrelin 1,024 231 0.004 1,710 1,586 0.12 0.51 0.005
  (7-3,461) (7-1,329)   (27-4,573) (13-3,360)    
GIP 15 107 0.001 27 82 0.001 0.82 0.85
  (5-29) (29-214)   (9-54) (41-282)    
GLP-1 28 16 0.51 36 45 0.95 0.11 0.04
  (10-56) (9-59)   (12-89) (14-91)    
Leptin 4,260 5,690 0.02 6,605 7,400 0.02 0.001 < 0.001
  (1,890-6,649) (1,765-11,350)   (3,517-14,600) (4,120-17,925)    
PP 63 107 0.005 79 112 0.001 0.31 0.23
  (18-113) (44-204)   (26-153) (45-172)    
PYY 39 70 0.002 61 70 0.001 0.02 0.34
  (27-82) (48-98)   (34-90) (47-137)    
  1. a p-values < 0.05 are indicated in bold
  2. b Wilcoxon's signed rank test comparing pre-meal and post-meal values.
  3. c Paired t-test comparing BMI at baseline to after H. pylori eradication.